Your step-by-step guide to moving from half guard and securing a tap out using an inverted heel hook.


1. Ricky begins by attacking Frank, who is defending in the half guard position.


2. Ricky plants his hands on the mat for balance and turns to step his left leg back, over Frank’s left leg.


3. Ricky hooks Frank’s left leg with his left arm and cups Frank’s heel with his right hand.


4. Ricky lifts Frank’s leg with his right hand and shoots his left arm past Frank’s knee.


5. Now with Frank’s leg behind his arm, Ricky starts to turn to his side, wrapping his left arm around Frank’s leg.


6. Ricky completes the 180-degree rotation and drops to his back. He pulls Frank’s foot into his body so he doesn’t lose control and let his opponent escape during the transition.


7. To finish the submission, Ricky cups Frank’s heel with his right hand, graps his right wrist with his left hand and rotates the heel clockwise. Frank has to tap or risk serious injury to his knee.


Top Tips

White Belt: Despite its name, a heel hook is a leg lock that manipulates the knee joint.

Purple Belt: Keep your opponent’s leg pinched between yours. If it’s loose and has space to move, your opponent can straighten theirs and escape more easily.

Black Belt: When applying the submission, make sure your inside leg is tucked behind your outside leg. This will make it difficult for your opponent to counter with his own inverted heel hook.